A dataset demonstrating the utility of visualization. These 12 datasets are equal in standard measures: mean, standard deviation, and Pearson's correlation.



A data frame with 1846 rows and 3 variables:

  • dataset: indicates which dataset the data are from

  • x: x-values

  • y: y-values


Matejka, J., & Fitzmaurice, G. (2017). Same Stats, Different Graphs: Generating Datasets with Varied Appearance and Identical Statistics through Simulated Annealing. CHI 2017 Conference proceedings: ACM SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. Retrieved from https://www.autodeskresearch.com/publications/samestats.


if(require(ggplot2)){ ggplot(datasaurus_dozen, aes(x=x, y=y, colour=dataset))+ geom_point()+ theme_void()+ theme(legend.position = "none")+ facet_wrap(~dataset, ncol=3) }